I would like to start it with some stats from my village. When I was 10, there were around 80 homes in my village, right now I am 27 now and we are left with 30 homes and 50 houses. When I look around what I have analyzed is, these 30 homes belong to the people who are living in penury and once these people or their kids will start making some money there will be less homes in the village and I vouch that in a span of next 10 years, we will be left with no homes but only houses.
I have mixed feelings here, I am quite happy with the fact that people have started making more money but worried for the reason that villages are going empty. The question here is “Are we doing any justice with our villages? Though I have mentioned stats of one village this is the story of all villages in Uttarakhand.
Though we have a plethora of smartphones in the village and everyone has a Facebook account but still, we have only 1 school imparting knowledge. Because opening schools in such places is not a good business idea for an individual or for the government. It has been 17 years, still, we don’t have a library and no colleges yet. But interesting thing is, even though the Population has reduced all the nearby villages but still, we have an MP seat.
I am not sure whether writing this blog makes some sense as I don’t know what can be done to rectify this problem. But still what makes me satisfied is the feeling and memories which I carry with me while traveling from one place to another that I have my roots there.
People have been migrating all over the globe and we are flooding other cities. And conditions in those cities are deteriorating as they don’t have enough capacity and capability to hold such inflow. Delhi, Banglore, Pune are such examples at the national level. At the state level, Haldwani (Nainital District) has been flooded with all villages from the Kumaon region. Dehradun is another example from Garhwal region. Trust me, after 40 years Uttarakhand will be a State with only 2 Cities and the rest of the Cities will be just on papers if no steps are taken in the next 5-10 years.
Please see the below data for the same.
As per the data released by the Government of India, there has been a reduction of 1.28% in Almora’s population between the time span of 10 years(2001-2011), though the district had seen a 3.67% increase in the previous span(1991-2001). In the same way, density has reduced as well and it’s not due to the family planning but due to the migration.
Area of Almora: 3,144 square kilometers
Density in 2011: 198 people per sq km
Density in 2001: 204 people per sq km
But on the other side, Nainital District specially Haldwani has seen a high percentage of influx. As per the data released, there has been an increase of 32.72% in a population of the District between the time span of 10 years(2001-2011).
Area of Nainital:4,251 square kilometers
Density in 2011:198 people per sq km
Density in 2001:225 people per sq km
And trust me this data will be more volatile in 2021 as migration is taking place with an exponential rate. People need to show concern and the government has to ponder on the cause of this migration. Because if there is no change in the scenario, Uttarakhand will become a State with only two Cities
More details regarding the data released by Government regarding the population